引用本文: 乔吉超, 梁淑一, 张浪渟. 黏弹性本构关系构建方法及应用举例. 力学与实践, 2022, 44(6): 1411-1415.
Qiao Jichao, Liang Shuyi, Zhang Langting. Teaching method of viscoelastic theory. Mechanics in Engineering, 2022, 44(6): 1411-1415.
 Citation: Qiao Jichao, Liang Shuyi, Zhang Langting. Teaching method of viscoelastic theory. Mechanics in Engineering, 2022, 44(6): 1411-1415.

TEACHING METHOD OF VISCOELASTIC THEORY

• 摘要: 黏弹性力学是力学重要分支之一。本文从基本的黏弹性元件出发，逐级从黏弹性变形基本单元推广到普遍的黏弹性变形模型，引入并推导本构方程。最后结合典型黏弹性材料的高温蠕变行为，介绍了黏弹性理论在工程实际中的应用。结合笔者近几年的黏弹性理论教学实践，结合学生的课堂反应，从教学内容、方法和环节等方面进行探讨。文中教学措施可为讲授力学课程的教师提供参考。

Abstract: Viscoelastic theory is an important branch of mechanics. In this paper, the basic viscoelastic element and deformation units are introduced step by step to the general viscoelastic deformation model. In addition, the constitutive equation is also derived. The application of viscoelastic theory in engineering practice is discussed based on the creep behavior of typical viscoelastic materials. Based on the teaching practice of viscoelastic theory and students' reaction in class for recent years, the teaching content, methods and links are summarized. The teaching measures developed may provide a helpful reference for other teachers.

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