引用本文: 何烈云, 刘强. 非满载液罐车侧倾稳定性的准静态等效力学模型[J]. 力学与实践, 2020, 42(3): 294-299.
HE Lieyun, LIU Qiang. A QUASI-STATIC EQUIVALENT MECHANICAL MODEL FOR ROLL STABILITY OF PARTIALLY-FILLED TANKER TRUCKS[J]. MECHANICS IN ENGINEERING, 2020, 42(3): 294-299.
 Citation: HE Lieyun, LIU Qiang. A QUASI-STATIC EQUIVALENT MECHANICAL MODEL FOR ROLL STABILITY OF PARTIALLY-FILLED TANKER TRUCKS[J]. MECHANICS IN ENGINEERING, 2020, 42(3): 294-299.

## A QUASI-STATIC EQUIVALENT MECHANICAL MODEL FOR ROLL STABILITY OF PARTIALLY-FILLED TANKER TRUCKS

• 摘要: 非满载液罐车转向行驶时,液体重心会发生偏移现象,对液罐车的侧倾稳定性造成不利影响。以椭圆形截面液罐车为例,分析了液罐车转向时发生侧翻的力学机理,将液面变化近似符合准静态过程,确定压力中心位置,计算液体对罐体壁的总压力,得到非满载液罐车转向侧倾稳定性准静态等效力学模型。研究结果表明,液罐车侧倾稳定性与罐体横截面形状、液体充装率等因素相关,为提高液罐车侧倾稳定性提供了理论分析依据。

Abstract: When a partially-filled tanker truck is turning, the center of gravity of the liquid shifts, which negatively influences the roll stability of the tanker truck. An elliptical-shaped tanker truck with partially-filled liquid is taken as an example and its rollover mechanism in the course of turning is analyzed. With the liquid level change being approximately represented by a quasi-static process, the pressure on the internal wall of the tank is calculated to locate the pressure center and a quasi-static equivalent mechanical model for the roll stability of partially-filled tanker trucks under turning conditions is established. This model provides a theoretical basis for developing the rollover-warning system of tanker trucks. It is shown that the roll stability of the tank car is related to the cross-sectional shape of the tank body and the filling rate of the liquid, and the results can be used for improving the roll stability of the tank car.

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