力学与实践 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 112-119.DOI: 10.6052/1000-0879-20-335

• 教育研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

OBE理念下的材料力学教学方法改革与实践1)

刘德军2), 左建平, 周宏伟, 祝捷, 李明耀   

  1. 中国矿业大学(北京)力学与建筑工程学院,北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-11 修回日期:2020-09-06 发布日期:2021-02-23
  • 通讯作者: 2)刘德军,副教授,从事工程力学和地下工程等方面的教学和研究工作。E-mail: ldj@cumtb.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    1)中国矿业大学(北京)本科教育教学改革与研究项目(J200710)和2020年第一批教育部产学合作协同育人项目:能源高校材料力学OBE虚拟仿真教学实践资助

REFORM AND PRACTICE OF THE TEACHING METHOD FOR MATERIALS MECHANICS BASED ON OBE CONCEPT1)

LIU Dejun2), ZUO Jianping, ZHOU Hongwei, ZHU Jie, LI Mingyao   

  1. School of Mechanics and Civil Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology-Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2020-08-11 Revised:2020-09-06 Published:2021-02-23

摘要: 为提高材料力学教学效果,培养学生分析和解决实际问题的能力,开展了目标导向教育(outcome based education,OBE)的教学方法改革与实践。以采矿专业大学生为教学对象,结合巷道支护技术的最新发展动态,针对轴向拉伸、轴向压缩、扭转、弯曲、组合变形和压杆稳定分别导入顶板锚杆、墩柱、锚杆孔钻孔、巷道顶板锚杆布置优化、钢管混凝土支架破坏和墩柱稳定性等案例,运用相关章节力学知识,最终解答了案例。OBE教学方法能让学生深刻地认识到材料力学和所学专业的密切关系,激发学生的学习兴趣,培养学生的科学素养和研究性思维,实践创新和解决工程问题的能力,教学效果显著。

关键词: 材料力学, 目标导向教育, 教学方法, 案例, 采矿专业

Abstract: In order to improve the teaching effect of materials mechanics and to cultivate students' ability to analyze and solve practical problems, the reform and the practice of the teaching method based on outcome based education (OBE) are carried out. Taking the college students majoring in mining as the teaching object, and with consideration of the latest developments in the roadway support technology, the roof bolts, the piers, the drilling bolt holes, the optimization of the roof anchor arrangement of roadway, the failure analysis of the steel tube concrete support and the stability analysis of the pier column are adopted as the examples of the axial tension, the axial compression, the torsion, the bending, the combined deformation, and the compression rod stability, respectively. Then, the cases are analyzed by using the knowledge of materials mechanics in related chapters. The OBE teaching method enables students to deeply understand the close relationship between materials mechanics and their majors. It can stimulate students' interest in learning and cultivate their scientific literacy and research thinking. In addition, it enables students to practice the skills of innovation and solving engineering problems. The teaching effect based on OBE is remarkable.

Key words: materials mechanics, outcome based education, teaching method, examples, mining major

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