力学与实践 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 320-322.DOI: 10.6052/1000-0879-18-482

• 教育研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

贯穿力学史主线的经典力学教学探讨1)

汤可可2), 高玉魁3)   

  1. 同济大学航空航天与力学学院,上海 200092
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-10 出版日期:2019-06-20 发布日期:2019-06-27
  • 通讯作者: 2)汤可可,副教授,从事理论力学的教学工作,主要研究方向为多尺度疲劳与断裂力学。E-mail:kktang@tongji.edu.cn; 3)高玉魁,教授,从事飞机疲劳与断裂的教学工作,主要研究方向为先进金属材料及热处理。 E-mail: yukuigao@tongji.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    1) 同济大学2019-2020年教学改革研究与建设项目,同济大学第十三期实验教学改革专项基金项目资助

TEACHING OF CLASSICAL MECHANICS WITH THE HELP OF THE HISTORY OF MECHANICS1)

TANG Keke2), GAO Yukui3)   

  1. School of Aerospace Engineering and Applied Mechanics, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
  • Received:2018-12-10 Online:2019-06-20 Published:2019-06-27

摘要: 经典力学主要涵盖牛顿力学、拉格朗日力学及哈密顿力学等三大部分内容。现行高校教育体系下所开设的理论力学课程,承担了经典力学基础知识普及的教学重担。历经数百年发展所臻于完善的经典力学体系,对于绝大数理工科学生来说不啻为一大挑战。在教学中,融入并贯彻力学史主线的经典力学教学,可带来意想不到的良好效果。

关键词: 经典力学, 理论力学, 拉格朗日力学, 哈密顿力学, 力学史

Abstract: Classical Mechanics includes Newtonian Mechanics, Lagrangian Mechanics as well as Hamiltonian Mechanics. Fundamental theories of Classical Mechanics are mainly reflected in the course of Theoretical Mechanics in the current framework of higher education. Students majored in science and engineering are mostly intimidated by the complete knowledge hierarchy of Classical Mechanics. By incorporating the history of mechanics in the course, positive feedbacks from students are obtained.

Key words: classical mechanics, theoretical mechanics, Lagrangian mechanics, Hamiltonian mechanics, history of mechanics

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