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力学与实践 ›› 2010, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (2): 150-153.doi: 10.6052/1000-0879-2009-518

• 力学家 • 上一篇    

麦克斯韦对应用力学的贡献

刘建林   

  1. 中国石油大学(华东)
  • 收稿日期:2009-12-30 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2010-04-08 发布日期:2010-04-08

The Contributions of Maxwell to Applied Mechanics

  • Received:2009-12-30 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2010-04-08 Published:2010-04-08

摘要: 麦克斯韦不但在经典物理学上具有崇高的地位,而且对应用力学的发展也做出了巨大贡献. 他在应用力学方面的研究涉及到弹性力学、光弹性、结构力学、黏弹性力学、天体力学、流 体力学、动力稳定性等方面. 在研究应用力学的过程中,他将娴熟的数学技巧和对物理本质 的准确把握有机地结合在一起,其研究方法与后人所提倡的技术科学和应用数学的学术思想 是相通的.

关键词: 麦克斯韦, 经典物理学, 应用力学, 技术科学, 应用数学

Abstract: Maxwell not only holds a great position in classical physics, but also made important contributions to applied mechanics. His research on mechanics deals with elastic mechanics, photo-elasticity, structural mechanics, visco-elastic mechanics, celestial mechanics, fluid mechanics, and dynamic stability. During the process of research on applied mechanics, he can grasp the proficient mathematics and the physical nature of the problem, which is consistent with the spirit of engineering science and applied mathematics.

Key words: Maxwell, classical physics, applied mechanics, engineering science, applied mathematics