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力学与实践 ›› 2004, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (1): 0-0.doi: 10.6052/1000-0992-2003-380

• 专题综述 •    

医疗和危险废物高温洁净热处理及环境力学

盛宏至   

  1. 中科院力学所
  • 收稿日期:2003-09-19 修回日期:2003-12-04 出版日期:2004-02-10 发布日期:2004-02-10

THERMAL TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR MEDICAL AND HAZARDOUS WASTES AND ENVIRONMENTAL MECHANICS

  • Received:2003-09-19 Revised:2003-12-04 Online:2004-02-10 Published:2004-02-10

摘要: 结合2003年中国的突发危害公众健康的事件,分析了医疗、化学战剂 及危险废物的分类、特性,比较了各种高温热处理技术的基本要求,方法分类和设备特点, 包括:各类焚烧炉、热解炉和等离子体裂解装置. 还对前处理工艺要求,尾气处理工 艺等进行了分析讨论,讨论了防止二次污染的技术手段,特别介绍了二#[29]英等高危险性产物的特 性. 还介绍了发达国家的医疗废物和危险废物的管理、处置和二次污染防治等情况.

关键词: 医疗废物, 化学战剂, 危险废物, 热处理, 焚烧, 热解, 等离子体

Abstract: This paper analyzes the classification and characteristics of medical waste, chemical warfare agents and hazardous waste, and compares the fundamental requirements, classifications, and specialties of different incinerators with equipment for pyrolysis and plasma treatment technologies. This paper also discusses the requirements of pre-treatment technologies and off-gas treatment for thermal treatment technologies to avoid the secondary pollution, and introduces the properties of Dioxin (PCDD/Fs) and relative technologies. This paper also introduces the situation of medical waste and hazardous waste management, disposal and pollution control technologies in developed countries.

Key words: medical waste, chemical warfare agent, hazardous waste, thermal