力学与实践 ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (4): 801-808.DOI: 10.6052/1000-0879-22-139

• 氢进万家专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

静态质量法液氢流量标准装置研究

王佳香*, 凃程旭*, 包福兵*(), 陈维杰*, 卓银杰*, 李想, 许好好, 吴舒琴, 熊茂涛**   

  1. *. 中国计量大学计量测试工程学院,杭州 310018
    †. 浙江浙能技术研究院有限公司,杭州 310018
    **. 中国测试技术研究院,成都 610000
  • 收稿日期:2022-03-07 接受日期:2022-06-02 出版日期:2022-08-08 发布日期:2022-08-17
  • 作者简介:包福兵,教授,研究方向为流量计量和微流控技术。E-mail: dingobao@cjlu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    浙江省科技计划(2021C01099),国家自然科学基金(11972334,11972335)和浙江省属高校基本科研业务费专项资金(200006)资助项目。

RESEARCH ON STANDARD DEVICE MEASURING LIQUID HYDROGEN FLOW RATE BY STATIC MASS METHOD

WANG Jiaxiang*, TU Chengxu*, BAO Fubing*(), CHEN Weijie*, ZHUO Yinjie*, LI Xiang, XU Haohao, WU Shuqin, XIONG Maotao**   

  1. *. College of Metrology and Measurement Engineering, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou 310018, China
    †. Zhejiang Zheneng Technology Research Institute Co. LTD, Hangzhou 310018, China
    **. China Institute of Testing Technology, Chengdu 610000, China
  • Received:2022-03-07 Accepted:2022-06-02 Online:2022-08-08 Published:2022-08-17

摘要:

液氢是超低黏度、超低密度的低温流体,流量计检定采用水等其他流体替代时引入的误差大。因此,发展用于液氢流量计实流检定的液氢流量标准装置非常必要。本文归纳了当前国内外仅有的低温流量标准装置的测量原理、结构组成和功能特点。基于静态质量法设计了一套液氢流量标准装置,并探讨其工艺流程和可行性,为构建液氢质量流量标准和完善氢流量计量体系提供技术参考。

关键词: 液氢流量标准装置, 静态质量法, 检定, 液氢流量计

Abstract:

Liquid hydrogen is a cryogenic fluid of ultralow-viscosity and ultralow-density. The error introduced by the replacement with other fluids such as water in flowmeter verification is large. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a liquid hydrogen flow standard device used for the actual flow verification of liquid-hydrogen flowmeters. This paper summarizes the measurement principle, structural composition and functional characteristics of the few low-temperature flow standard devices around the world. A set of standard liquid hydrogen flow rate device is designed based on the static mass method, and its technological process and feasibility are discussed. This review can be helpful to build liquid hydrogen mass flow standards and improve hydrogen flow measurement system providing technical support.

Key words: liquid-hydrogen flow standard device, static mass method, verification, liquid-hydrogen flowmeter

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