力学与实践 ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (4): 947-954.DOI: 10.6052/1000-0879-22-031

• 教育研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于进阶式力学思维培养的理论力学教学研究

张娟()   

  1. 西北工业大学力学与土木建筑学院,西安 710129
  • 收稿日期:2022-01-14 出版日期:2022-08-08 发布日期:2022-08-17
  • 作者简介:张娟,教授,主要从事力学教学与科研工作。E-mail: zhangj@nwpu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    陕西省第二批新工科研究与实践项目(20GZ110105),西北工业大学高等教育研究基金(国际化专项)(GJGZZ202101),西北工业大学学位与研究生教育基金(2021AG16)资助。

RESEARCH ON TEACHING AND LEARNING OF THEORETICAL MECHANICS BASED ON CULTIVATION OF STEPPED MECHANICS THINKING

ZHANG Juan()   

  1. School of Mechanics, Civil Engineering and Architecture, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710129, China
  • Received:2022-01-14 Online:2022-08-08 Published:2022-08-17

摘要:

提出并实践了一种基于进阶式力学思维培养为目标,产出导向的理论力学教学改革模式。首先提出了进阶式力学思维的概念,将力学思维分为基础力学思维、中阶力学思维及高阶力学思维;然后给出了进阶式力学思维的具体能力要求及培养方式;最后给出以力学思维培养为核心、产出导向的教学模式,通过线上线下混合式教学建立基础力学思维;通过融合式案例库建立中阶力学思维;通过视频动画库案例库培养抽象化建模能力,教学全过程渗透融合高阶力学思维培养。近四年的教学改革学生成绩对比及力学竞赛成绩等证明该教学改革模式取得了良好教学产出。

关键词: 理论力学, 教学, 力学思维, 产出导向, 融合

Abstract:

An output-oriented teaching and learning reform mode of theoretical mechanics is proposed based on the cultivation of stepped mechanics thinking. Firstly, the concept of stepped mechanics thinking is put forward, and mechanics thinking is divided into basic mechanics thinking, middle mechanics thinking and advanced mechanics thinking. Then the requirements of specific ability and the training mode of stepped mechanics thinking are given. Finally, an output-oriented teaching and learning mode with the training of mechanics thinking as the core is given, and the basic mechanics thinking is established through online and offline blended teaching. The middle mechanics thinking is established through the deep using of fusion case library. The modeling ability is cultivated through case library of video animation library, and the whole teaching process is integrated with the cultivation of advanced mechanics thinking. The results of teaching reform and mechanics competition in recent four years proved that this teaching and learning mode has achieved good teaching output.

Key words: theoretical mechanics, teaching and learning, mechanics thinking, output-orientation, fusion

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