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力学与实践 ›› 2009, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (2): 11-16.doi: 10.6052/1000-0879-2008-017

• 专题综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

超高速撞击动力学及航天器防护研究进展

李怡勇 沈怀荣 李智   

  1. 装备指挥技术学院
  • 收稿日期:2008-01-07 修回日期:2008-07-18 出版日期:2009-04-08 发布日期:2009-04-08

ADVANCES IN HYPERVELOCITY IMPACT DYNAMICS AND SPACECRAFT PROTECTION RESEARCH

Yi-yong LI Huai-rong SHEN Zhi LI   

  • Received:2008-01-07 Revised:2008-07-18 Online:2009-04-08 Published:2009-04-08

摘要: 概述了超高速撞击动力学的国内外研究背景;从超高速撞击厚板成坑、中厚板侵彻、薄板形成碎片 云、模拟实验技术和数值模拟技术5个方面总结了超高速撞击动力学的研究进展情况;分析 了超高速撞击对航天器的毁伤效应;给出了航天器的防护要求;讨论了航天器防护结构的方 案设计和性能表征. 为超高速撞击动力学和航天器防护研究提供技术参考.

关键词: 超高速撞击, 动力学, 微流星体, 空间碎片, 防护结构

Abstract: Hypervelocity impact dynamics and spacecraft protection as an important part of hypervelocity impact technology, is reviewed in this paper. Its research background is outlined. Its research progress covers the following five aspects: making hole in the thick board, penetration in the critical thick board, forming debris cloud from the thin board, experimental simulation technique and numerical simulation technique. The damage effect of hypervelocity impact spacecraft is analyzed. The spacecraft protection requirements are given, and the project design and performance of the spacecraft protection structure are discussed.

Key words: hypervelocity impact, dynamics, micrometeoroid, space debris, protection structure