力学与实践 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 278-284.DOI: 10.6052/1000-0879-20-201

• 教育研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

大类招生背景下能源动力类本科生流体力学跨专业教学的探索与实践 1)

王学德2)(), 陈少松, 胡常莉, 谭献忠   

  1. 南京理工大学能源与动力工程学院,南京 210014
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-13 修回日期:2020-08-06 出版日期:2021-04-20 发布日期:2021-04-20
  • 通讯作者: 王学德
  • 作者简介:2)王学德,副教授,从事流体力学和空气动力学的教学与科研工作。E-mail: wangxuede2000@njust.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    1)南京理工大学2019年高等教育教学改革研究课题(2019-A-14);南京理工大学2020年本科教学改革与建设工程资助项目

INTERDISCIPLINARY TEACHING OF FLUID MECHANICS FOR ENERGY AND POWER UNDERGRADUATES IN VIEW OF MAJOR CATEGORY ENROLLMENT MODE 1)

WANG Xuede2)(), CHEN Shaosong, HU Changli, TAN Xianzhong   

  1. School of Energy and Power, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210014, China
  • Received:2020-05-13 Revised:2020-08-06 Online:2021-04-20 Published:2021-04-20
  • Contact: WANG Xuede

摘要:

在大类招生的背景下,为了使学生进一步熟悉学科大类下的专业方向,避免专业分流时学生专业选择的盲目性和功利性,本文在能源动力类大学二年级本科生流体力学的课程教学中开展了跨专业教育教学的探索与实践,探索了新的课程教学体系和教学模式,保证流体力学学科知识的系统性和基础性,满足专业分流后学生在后续学习时对流体力学知识的需求。同时,通过流体力学课程的教学体系和教学模式的创新,加强了学科大类下本科生在基础教育阶段的专业教育,期望能够对学生在专业分流时起到一定的引导作用,帮助他们提高对专业的正确认识。课程评价调查问卷的反馈结果和专业分流情况的统计分析,进一步证实了本文的教学实践对于学生了解能源动力类的各专业方向、提高学习兴趣和学习效率具有一定帮助作用。

关键词: 大类招生, 能源动力类, 流体力学, 跨专业教学

Abstract:

This paper introduces an interdisciplinary teaching reform of Fluid Mechanics for undergraduates majored in Energy and Power, in order to make students understand the professional direction of the major discipline under the background of the major category enrollment. The new teaching reform helps students to select the professional direction. To achieve this teaching goal, the new teaching materials of Fluid Mechanics for undergraduates are optimized, and the blended learning methods include the mixings of the flipped classroom and the traditional classroom, the online teaching and the offline teaching. The teaching effects are evaluated by an online questionnaire and the statistical analysis of the number of students after the professional distribution. The feedback results of the survey and the statistical analysis further confirm that the teaching practice can help students to understand the various professional directions of Energy and Power Categories, and to improve the learning interest and efficiency.

Key words: major category enrollment, energy and power category, fluid mechanics, interdisciplinary teaching

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