力学与实践 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (5): 661-664.DOI: 10.6052/1000-0879-19-417

• 力学纵横 • 上一篇    下一篇

简议“力”和“力学”的含义变迁1)

赵慧明2), 赵玉成, 程红梅   

  1. 中国矿业大学力学与土木工程学院力学系,江苏徐州 221116
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-12 修回日期:2020-01-01 出版日期:2020-10-08 发布日期:2020-10-22
  • 通讯作者: 2) 赵慧明,副教授,主要从事工程力学的教学和研究。 E-mail: zhaohuiming@cumt.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    1) 中国矿业大学教学名师培育项目(MSBB1601)和中国矿业大学“十三五”品牌专业建设项目资助

ON THE CHANGES OF MEANING OF “LI” AND “LIXUE” (“FORCE” AND “MECHANICS” IN CHINESE)1)

ZHAO Huiming2), ZHAO Yucheng, CHENG Hongmei   

  1. Department of Mechanics, School of Mechanics and Civil Engineering, China University of Mining Technology, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2019-11-12 Revised:2020-01-01 Online:2020-10-08 Published:2020-10-22

摘要: 在古代中国,“力”字和“力学”一词早就出现了。“力”的含义最初是对“人的力量”的直观描述,后来发展到对一般物体的重力的描述,再到对运动状态原因的描述。本文对“力”字含义的变迁进行了辨析。中国现代“力学”是西学东渐的结果,学科名字的确定过程也有不小的 曲折。通过分析确定“力学”为学科名字的过程,揭示了中国古人对“力学”学科理解的变迁。

关键词: 力, 力学, 力艺, 重学, 西学东渐

Abstract: The words “Li” and “Lixue” exist for a long time in Chinese. The meaning of “Li” is initially a direct and intuitive description of “human force”. Later, it developed for the description of the gravity of general objects, and then to the description of the causes of motion state change. This paper analyzes the changes of the meaning of “Li”. Chinese “Lixue (mechanics)” comes as the result of the introduction of Western learning to the East, and there are many twists and turns in the process of determining the subject name. This paper analyzes the process of determining “Lixue” as the subject name, and reveals the change of ancient Chinese understanding of “Mechanics”.

Key words: Li (force), Lixue (mechanics), Liyi, Zhongxue, western learning spreads to the east

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