力学与实践 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (5): 645-649.DOI: 10.6052/1000-0879-19-407

• 力学纵横 • 上一篇    下一篇

有关机翼升力理论的其人其事

丁祖荣1)()   

  1. 上海交通大学教育部水动力学重点实验室,船舶海洋与建筑工程学院,上海200240
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-04 出版日期:2020-10-08 发布日期:2020-10-22
  • 通讯作者: 丁祖荣
  • 作者简介:1) E-mail: zrding@sjtu.edu.cn

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE WING LIFT THEORY

DING Zurong1)()   

  1. MOE Key Laboratory of Hydrodynamics and School of Naval Architecture, Ocean and Civil Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
  • Received:2019-11-04 Online:2020-10-08 Published:2020-10-22
  • Contact: DING Zurong

摘要:

回顾了19世纪末、20世纪初探索建立机翼升力理论的过程,包括牛顿的正弦平方定律,对马格努斯效应的认识和应用,兰切斯特、库塔、儒柯 夫斯基建立机翼升力环流理论和普朗特建立升力线理论等。本文追溯了历史事实,并阐述了有关其人其事。

关键词: 机翼升力, 马格努斯效应, 环流理论

Abstract:

This paper reviews the process of exploration of the wing lift theory in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It includes Newton's sine-square law, the understanding and application of the Magnus effect, Lanchester, Kutta, and Joukowsky's establishment of the wing lift circulation theory and Prandtl's establishment of the lift line theory. The historical facts are traced with stories about related scholars.

Key words: wing lift, Magnus effect, circulation theory

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