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力学与实践 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (6): 724-727.doi: 10.6052/1000-0879-19-178

• 教育研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

结构力学几何体系的一组教学模型1)

陈涛*, 2), 郑元鹏, 孙飞飞*   

  1. * 同济大学建筑工程系,上海 200092;
    同济大学土木工程学院,上海 200092
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-05 发布日期:2019-12-27
  • 通讯作者: 2) 陈涛,副教授,主要从事结构疲劳性能研究,主讲结构力学课程。E-mail: t.chen@tongji.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    1) 同济大学教学改革研究与建设项目基金(2019-54)和同济大学校级大学生创新训练计划基金(2019-461)资助项目

A KIND OF STRUCTURAL MECHANICS TEACHING MODEL1)

CHEN Tao*, 2), ZHENG Yuanpeng, SUN Feifei*   

  1. * Department of Structural Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China;
    College of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
  • Received:2019-05-05 Published:2019-12-27

摘要: 基于目前土木工程本科生教学课程结构力学的教学现状,特别是几何体系讲解过于抽象的问题,本文借鉴国外相关经验,提出了基于实物的一种解决方案,即基于计算简图模拟几何体系的结构力学教学模型,并论述其必要性。通过介绍其组成构件、典型用途及使用示例,表明了其具有良好的教学辅助效果,体现了土木工程专业本科重要的专业基础课结构力学教学中,传统授课与创新探索相共存、简化图示和实物呈现相结合的重要作用。

关键词: 结构力学, 结构认知, 力学概念, 教学模型

Abstract: Based on the current teaching status of structural mechanics for undergraduates of civil engineering. It was specially noted that geometric constructional analyses is too abstract. A solution was proposed based on real objects after thorough review of overseas practice. That can be seen as a kind of teaching models to simulate simplified geometric constructional system. The significance of real objects was discussed. Besides this, components, typical usage and demonstration were also described. The results indicated that they have superior benefits for lecturing structure mechanics. This can well reflect the fundamental significance of the subject in civil engineering courses. The traditional teaching together with innovation exploration, simplified illustrations and real objects are critical to the course.

Key words: structural mechanics, structural cognition, mechanics conception, teaching model

中图分类号: 

  • O342