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力学与实践 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (6): 709-714.doi: 10.6052/1000-0879-19-036

• 教育研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

课堂演示实验在结构力学教学中的应用1)

王磊*, 2), 蔺新艳*, 张文明, 王钦亭*, 孟海平*   

  1. * 河南理工大学土木工程学院,河南焦作 454000;
    东南大学土木工程学院,南京 210096
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-22 发布日期:2019-12-27
  • 通讯作者: 2) 王磊,讲师,主要从事结构动力学和结构抗风的教学与研究工作。E-mail: tumuwangeli@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    1) 国家自然科学基金(51708186)、河南省高等教育教学改革研究与实践项目(2017SJGLX040)、河南省基础力学课程教学团队(教高〔2015〕929号)和河南理工大学教改项目(2017JG044、2017JG085)资助

CLASSROOM DEMONSTRATION OF EXPERIMENT IN STRUCTURAL MECHANICS TEACHING1)

WANG Lei*, 2), LIN Xinyan*, ZHANG Wenming, WANG Qinting*, MENG Haiping*   

  1. * School of Civil Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000, Henan, China;
    School of Civil Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
  • Received:2019-01-22 Published:2019-12-27

摘要: 实验教学是很多理工科课程的重要教学环节,但是很多课程的实验教学模式还不够成熟,且开设困难。针对这一问题,本文以结构力学课程为例,分析当前高校结构力学实验开设难、开设少的原因,对比了几种典型实验方式的优劣。重点讨论了课堂演示实验的优势和实施办法,探索并列举了诸多简便易行的课堂演示实验案例。实践表明,课堂演示模型用日常简易材料制成,易于调动学生的参与积极性,同时增强学生的动手能力及理论联系实际的能力。最终提出了多种实验方式相结合的结构力学实验模式,可为当前高校结构力学和相关课程的课堂教学及实验环节提供借鉴。

关键词: 结构力学, 多元化, 课堂演示实验, 实验教学

Abstract: The experiment is an important part in teaching many science and engineering courses, but it is very difficult for some courses to have a very good effect. As an example, the difficulties of experiment in the course of structural mechanics are discussed in terms of several typical experimental models in this paper. A classroom demonstration is put forward with a number of implementing cases. It is found that the classroom demonstration could increase student's ability to solve problems by combining theory with practice. Finally, an experimental model is suggested for classroom teaching and experiment of structural mechanics.

Key words: structural mechanics, diversification, classroom demonstration experiment, experimental teaching

中图分类号: 

  • TU37