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力学与实践 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 294-299.doi: 10.6052/1000-0879-17-258

• 应用研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

考虑剪切效应的工字梁弯曲应力比拟杆法1)

吴思远2, †,*, , 王正中3,†,*, 彭文哲*, 刘少军*,†, 李斯*,**   

  1. *西北农林科技大学水利与建筑工程学院,陕西杨凌712100;
    † 西北农林科技大学旱区寒区水工程安全研究中心,陕西杨凌712100;
    **上海千年城市规划工程设计股份有限公司,上海200000
  • 收稿日期:2017-07-19 修回日期:2017-11-17 出版日期:2018-06-15 发布日期:2018-07-17
  • 作者简介:2)吴思远,硕士生,主要研究方向为水工结构稳定与控制。E-mail: siyuan wu1992@163.com;3) 王正中,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为水工结构稳定。E-mail: wangzz0910@163.com

BAR SIMULATION METHOD FOR BENDING NORMAL STRESS OF I-BEAM IN CONSIDERATION OF SHEAR EFFECT 1)

WU Siyuan2,†,*, WANG Zhengzhong3,†,*, PENG Wenzhe*, LIU Shaojun*,†, LI Si*,**   

  1. * College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, Shanxi, China;
    Cold and Arid Regions Water Engineering Safety Research Center, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, Shanxi, China);
    ** Shanghai Thousand Year Design, Shanghai 200000, China
  • Received:2017-07-19 Revised:2017-11-17 Online:2018-06-15 Published:2018-07-17

摘要:

随着工字形短深梁和宽翼缘梁结构的发展,截面非线性剪切变形对弯曲应力的影响愈加突出,导致传统设计中所采用的初等梁理论计算结果误差较大,不再适用。本文基于比拟杆法综合考虑剪切效应,推导出工字形梁横力弯曲应力解析计算公式,并与有限元及现有解析计算方法进行对比分析。结果表明:当跨高比较小,翼缘腹板面积比较大时剪切效应对弯曲变形有显著影响。同时相比于现有解析方法,本文计算结果精度较高且适用范围更广,可用于梁结构设计。

关键词:

工字形截面|剪切效应|弯曲应力|比拟杆法

Abstract:

With the wide use of I-section short, deep beams and wide flange beams, the section nonlinear effect of shear deformation on the bending normal stress becomes an important issue, because enormous calculation errors will occur by using the traditional beam theory in the design. With the bar simulation method, formulas are derived in this paper for the calculation of the bending normal stress with consideration of the shear effect and results are compared with those obtained by various analytical methods and the finite element numerical simulation results. The results indicate that when § is small or ø is large, the bending deflection is affected greatly by the transverse shear. Besides, compared with the existing analytical methods, the proposed method offers more accurate results with an extended scope of application, which can be used for the structural design.

Key words:

I-section|shear effect|bending normal stress|bar simulation method

中图分类号: 

  • TU323