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力学与实践 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (1): 1-9.doi: 10.6052/1000-0879-15-225

• 专题综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

页岩气储层压裂数值模拟技术研究进展

金衍, 程万, 陈勉   

  1. 中国石油大学(北京), 北京 102249
  • 收稿日期:2015-08-21 修回日期:2015-09-01 出版日期:2016-01-15 发布日期:2016-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 金衍 E-mail:jiny@cup.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金 (51490651),国家杰出青年科学基金(51325402)和2011年度高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金(20110007110004)

A REVIEW OF NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF HYDRO-FRACKING IN SHALE GAS RESERVOIR

JIN Yan, CHENG Wan, CHEN Mian   

  1. China University of Petroleum at Beijing, Beijing 102249, China
  • Received:2015-08-21 Revised:2015-09-01 Online:2016-01-15 Published:2016-02-25

摘要:

页岩气储层水力压裂数值模拟既要考虑页岩储层岩石的特性,又要兼顾水平井分段压裂施工工艺,是一个非常棘手的力学难题.本文简述了页岩气储层岩石具有的地质力学特征和页岩气储层开发常用的水平井分段压裂技术;详述了扩展有限元、边界元、离散元在水力压裂裂缝模拟上的应用现状,指出了它们在处理裂缝问题的局限性和优越性,总结出边界元三维位移不连续法是模拟多裂缝扩展的有效方法.

关键词:

水力压裂|数值模拟|页岩气|分段压裂

Abstract:

In the numerical simulation of hydraulic fracturing in a shale gas reservoir, both the shale rock's properties and the multistage hydro-fracking technique of the horizontal well should be considered, which is a difficult problem of mechanics. In this paper, the mechanical characteristics of the shale rock and the multistage fracking technology of the horizontal well in the shale gas reservoir are discussed, as well as the applications of the extended finite element method, the boundary element method and the discrete element method in hydraulic fracturing and their advantages and limitations. It is indicated that the three dimensional displacement discontinuity method of the boundary element method is an effective approach to model the propagation of multistage fractures.

Key words:

hydraulic fracturing|numerical simulation|shale gas|multistage fracturing

中图分类号: 

  • TE371