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力学与实践 ›› 2015, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (6): 665-673.doi: 10.6052/1000-0879-15-139

• 专题综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

载人登月轨道研究综述

宝音贺西, 李京阳   

  1. 清华大学航天航空学院, 北京 100084
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-27 修回日期:2015-08-18 出版日期:2015-12-15 发布日期:2015-12-17
  • 通讯作者: 宝音贺西 E-mail:baoyin@tsinghua.edu.cn

REVIEW OF TRAJECTORY DESIGN FOR MANNED LUNAR MISSION

BAOYIN Hexi, LI Jingyang   

  1. School of Aerospace Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • Received:2015-05-27 Revised:2015-08-18 Online:2015-12-15 Published:2015-12-17

摘要:

21世纪初叶,美国星座计划、欧洲曙光计划以及中国嫦娥工程计划的相继提出,彻底拉开了人类重返外太空的序幕,载人登月也被赋予了全新的涵义和使命.探测内容的多样化,轨道设计的复杂精细化,宇航员安全保障的突出化,进一步加大了载人登月工程任务设计的复杂度与难度.文中分别从载人登月轨道整体、地月转移轨道、空间交会对接以及全月面到达这4个方向介绍载人登月当前研究进展与现状,并列举了各研究领域的相关热点问题.基于对上述研究现状的分析,尝试展望了该研究领域未来的发展趋势.

关键词:

载人登月|地月转移轨道|交会对接|全月面覆盖

Abstract:

At the beginning of this century, the lunar exploration programs Constellation, Aurora and Chang'e are proposed by NASA(National Aeronautics and Space Administration), ESA(European Space Agency) and CAST(China Academy of Space Technology), respectively. They open a new page for human being returning to space, and pose new requirements for the manned lunar mission. These requirements include more diversified detection scope, more accurate trajectory design and more strict safety measures for human crew. These make the program more complicated and sophisticated. This paper reviews in detail the developments of manned lunar mission's trajectory, Earth——Moon transfer trajectory, autonomous rendezvous guidance and lunar global coverage design, and presents the relevant hot topics in these fields. Finally, this paper outlines the tendency of future researches on this direction.

Key words:

manned lunar mission|Earth&mdash, &mdash, Moon transfer trajectory|autonomous rendezvous architecture design|lunar global coverage

中图分类号: 

  • V412.4+1