力学与实践 ›› 2014, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (5): 527-539.DOI: 10.6052/1000-0879-13-539

• 专题综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

爆炸冲击载荷作用下车辆和人员的损伤与防护

张钱城1, 郝方楠1, 李裕春1, 于渤2, 刘剑锋1, 金峰1, 卢天健1   

  1. 1. 西安交通大学航天航空学院, 机械结构强度与振动国家重点实验室, 西安 710049;
    2. 解放军理工大学野战工程学院, 南京 210007
  • 收稿日期:2013-12-19 出版日期:2014-10-15 发布日期:2014-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 金峰,博士,教授,主要研究方向为多孔结构和材料力学特性.E-mail:jinzhao@mail.xjtu.edu.cn;卢天健,博士,教授,主要研究方向为多孔结构和材料多功能特性.E-mail:tjlu@mail.xjtu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    广东省科技厅粤港关键领域重点突破项目(新一代轻质夹层结构半挂油罐运输车的研发及产业,2011A091200008),国家973 计划项目(2011CB610305)和国家自然科学基金项目(11102152,11072188,11021202)资助.

RESEARCH PROGRESS IN THE INJURY AND PROTECTION TO VEHICLE AND PASSENGERS UNDER EXPLOSIVE SHOCK LOADING

ZHANG Qiancheng1, HAO Fangnan1, LI Yuchuny YU1, Bo2, LIU Jianfen1, JIN Feng1, LU Tianjian1   

  1. 1. School of Aerospace, State Key Laboratory for Strength and Vibration of Mechanical Structures, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China;
    2. College of Field Engineering, PLA University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210007, China
  • Received:2013-12-19 Online:2014-10-15 Published:2014-02-25

摘要:

在当前反恐战争和地区武装冲突迫切形势下,如何提高车辆及人员的防护能力是诸多学科工作者面临的共同挑战。综述了威胁车辆安全的常见爆炸物、其作用原理和影响爆炸物作用载荷的因素,阐述了爆炸物爆炸冲击对车辆的破坏和人员损伤的各类不同形式。在此基础上分析了相关的实验、表征和模拟技术的研究进展,总结了国内外车辆爆炸防护结构的研究现状,包括轻质防护材料和结构的研发趋势,展望了车辆爆炸防护结构设计的研究趋势。

关键词:

装甲车辆|地雷|人员防护|多孔材料和结构|吸能缓冲

Abstract:

With ever increasing threat during terrorism war and regional conflict, providing improved pro-tection for vehicle and its passengers is the common challenge for researchers in materials science, mechanical engineering, biomedical engineering and many other disciplines. This article presents an overview of the po-tential threat of common explosives to vehicle safety, the underlying mechanisms, the influence of key factors on explosive loading, and the different types of blast injury to armored vehicles and passengers. Based on the analysis of existing experimental technology, characterization methods and finite element simulation results,the current research status of explosion protection designs for both military and civil vehicles are summarized,including the development trend of novel lightweight protective materials and structures, and future trends in explosion-protection design for armored vehicles are discussed.

Key words:

armored vehicles|landmine|personal protection|porous materials and structure|energy absorption

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