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力学与实践 ›› 2013, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (6): 11-18.doi: 10.6052/1000-0879-13-435

• 专题综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

气泡高速摄影和载荷测试技术综述

倪宝玉, 张阿漫   

  1. 哈尔滨工程大学船舶工程学院, 哈尔滨 150001
  • 收稿日期:2013-10-23 修回日期:2013-10-31 出版日期:2013-12-08 发布日期:2013-12-19
  • 通讯作者: 倪宝玉,博士,讲师,主要研究方向为水下气泡,空泡动力学.E-mail:baoyuni@gmail.com E-mail:baoyuni@gmail.com
  • 基金资助:

    优秀青年科学基金(51222904);国家自然科学基金(11302056,11302057);中国博士后科学基金(2013M540272)资助项目.

THE REVIEW OF HIGH-SPEED IMAGING AND LOAD TEST TECHNOLOGIES FOR BUBBLE DYNAMICS

NI Baoyu, ZHANG Aman   

  1. College of Shipbuilding Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
  • Received:2013-10-23 Revised:2013-10-31 Online:2013-12-08 Published:2013-12-19

摘要:

气泡运动学和动力学一直为流体力学研究热点之一. 近年来,高速摄影技术和气泡载荷测试设备发展迅速,为人们研究气泡行为和载荷分析提供了强有力的支持. 本文综述高速摄影和载荷测试技术在气泡动力学中的应用与发展. 首先,简要回顾气泡现象的成因和分类;其次,详述高速摄影技术在捕获气泡形态中的应用;再次,回顾和讨论了气泡载荷测试设备以及试验手段的发展;最后,在上述基础上提出了一些尚需进一步完善的问题.

关键词:

高速摄影|载荷测试|气泡动力学|空泡

Abstract:

The kinematics and dynamics of the underwater bubble is always one of important research issues. The high-speed imaging and the load test technologies provide excellent tools for studying the bubble's behavior. The development and the applications of the high-speed imaging and the load test technologies for bubble dynamics are reviewed in this paper. Firstly, the origin and the classification of bubbles are briefly summarized; secondly, the high-speed imaging on capturing the bubble's deformation is reviewed and analyzed; thirdly, the bubble load test equipment and technologies are discussed; lastly, the problems needed to be studied further are suggested.

Key words:

high-speed imaging|load test|bubble dynamics|cavitation

中图分类号: 

  • O351.2