力学与实践 ›› 2014, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 23-28.DOI: 10.6052/1000-0879-13-346

• 应用研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

飞机机翼损伤的气动模型及故障诊断研究

邱岳恒1, 赵鹏轩1, 陈伟2, 王晓光2   

  1. 1 中航工业第一飞机设计研究院飞控液压所, 西安710089;
    2 西北工业大学自动化学院, 西安710072
  • 收稿日期:2013-08-19 修回日期:2013-12-12 出版日期:2014-02-08 发布日期:2014-02-14
  • 通讯作者: 邱岳恒,博士,工程师,从事飞行控制系统设计研究.E-mail:qiuyueheng@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(60974146);航空科学基金(20100753009)资助项目.

THE FAULT DIAGNOSIS AND AERODYNAMIC MODEL FOR AIRCRAFT WING DAMAGE

QIU Yueheng1, ZHAO Pengxuan1, CHEN Wei2, WANG Xiaoguang2   

  1. 1 Flight Control and Hydraulic System Design Institute, First Aircraft Design Institute of AVIC, Xi'an 710089, China;
    2 College of Automation, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China
  • Received:2013-08-19 Revised:2013-12-12 Online:2014-02-08 Published:2014-02-14

摘要:

为了确保机翼损伤后飞机的飞行安全,提出了一种在线的故障诊断方法. 首先,根据输入输出特性,采用遗忘因子递推最小二乘法对飞机故障后的气动导数进行辨识,建立了机翼损伤故障的数学模型;然后,结合多模型方法和中心差分卡尔曼滤波器(central difference Kalman filter,CDKF)各自的优点,实现对机翼损伤的故障诊断,并采用强跟踪滤波器在线更新CDKF 的采样点,以增强CDKF 的自适应能力. 最后,通过仿真结果验证了本文所提方法的有效性.

关键词:

机翼损伤|气动导数|最小二乘法|中心差分卡尔曼滤波器

Abstract:

To ensure the flight safety under the condition of the wing damage in the aircraft, a new online fault diagnosis method is proposed based on the nonlinear aerodynamic model of the wing damage. Firstly, according to the input and output characteristics of the aircraft, the aerodynamic derivatives can be identified online using the recursive least squares algorithm with a forgetting factor, and the wing damage model can be established as the aerodynamic derivatives are substituted into the equation of the aircraft motion. Secondly, the fault diagnosis approach is proposed based on the multi-model algorithm and the central difference Kalman filter algorithm, and the adaptive capacity of the central difference Kalman filter algorithm can be strengthened as the sampling points are updated online using the strategy of a strong tracking filter. Lastly, in the presence of various wing damage faults, the simulation results indicate that the proposed algorithm can not only improve the experiment effciency but also ensure the fault coverage as compared with other algorithms.

Key words:

wing damage|aerodynamic derivative|least square algorithm|central difference Kalman filter

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